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Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Gynaecology, OB/GYN

Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN) is a medical specialty that focuses on the health of the female reproductive system, including the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, and vagina. OB/GYNs are medical doctors who specialize in both obstetrics (pregnancy and childbirth) and gynecology (women's reproductive health).

They are experts in interpreting diagnostic tests such as electrocardiograms, echocardiograms, and cardiac catheterizations, as well as managing complex cardiovascular conditions.

  • Visit the Doctor every 2 years minimum, for regular Pap Smear (Pap Test) checkups.

Diagnostic Procedures

Here's a detailed overview of OB/GYN and common diagnostic procedures performed by OB/GYNs:

  • Prenatal Care: OB/GYNs provide comprehensive prenatal care to monitor the health and development of both the mother and the fetus during pregnancy.
  • Ultrasound: Ultrasound imaging is used to assess fetal growth and development, detect abnormalities, determine the baby's sex, and monitor the placenta and amniotic fluid levels.
  • Biophysical Profile (BPP): Combines ultrasound with NST to evaluate fetal well-being by assessing fetal movements, breathing, muscle tone, amniotic fluid volume, and heart rate patterns.
  • Pap Smear (Pap Test): This screening test collects cells from the cervix to detect abnormal changes that may indicate cervical cancer or precancerous conditions.
  • Hysteroscopy: Involves inserting a thin, flexible tube with a camera (hysteroscope) through the cervix into the uterus to diagnose and treat conditions such as uterine fibroids, polyps, or abnormal bleeding.
  • etc

Tips for staying Healthy

Remember, maintaining open communication with your OB/GYN and seeking regular medical care are essential for staying healthy and addressing any concerns related to your reproductive health and well-being.

Regular Health Screenings:Schedule regular visits with your OB/GYN for routine check-ups, screenings, and preventive care, including Pap smears, pelvic exams, breast exams, and mammograms as recommended based on your age and risk factors.

Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain a healthy diet, exercise regularly, manage stress, and avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption to support overall health and reduce the risk of chronic diseases, including gynecological and obstetric conditions.

Safe Sex Practices: Practice safe sex by using condoms and other barrier methods to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancies.

Birth Control: Discuss contraceptive options with your OB/GYN to choose a method that meets your needs and preferences for preventing pregnancy.

Breast Health: Perform regular breast self-exams and report any changes or abnormalities to your OB/GYN. Additionally, discuss mammography screening recommendations with your doctor based on your age and risk factors for breast cancer.

Menstrual Health: Track your menstrual cycle and report any changes in menstrual patterns, such as irregular periods, heavy bleeding, or pelvic pain, to your OB/GYN for evaluation and management.

Emotional Well-being: Take care of your mental and emotional health by seeking support, practicing self-care, and reaching out to your OB/GYN or a mental health professional if you're experiencing anxiety, depression, or other emotional concerns.

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